Ezra Herbert ADAMS 

*1866 - †?


D.S., M.C.P. & S., Physician and Surgeon of
Toronto, Canada, was born in 1866 in Drayton,
Wellington County, Ont. He is the second son of
John G. Adams, grandson of Rev. Ezra Adams,
and great-grandson of Eliphalet Adams, a United
Empire Loyalist. While of the fourth generation
of his family in Canada, he is of the eighth
generation of his family who have lived continuously
under the English flag in America, for the
family is one of the oldest on the Continent,
having been among the Pilgrim Fathers who
landed in Massachusetts Bay nearly three centuries
ago. His mother, Sarah A. Fawcett, was
born in Canada, her father, John Fawcett, beingone
of the pioneers of Wellington County.
The early education of Ezra Herbert Adams
was received in the public schools of Toronto,
from which he received a scholarship. He then
attended the old Grammar School on Jarvis
street, now called the Toronto Collegiate Institute.
He has always taken a great interest in
educational matters and has since been elected
the representative of the public school board of
Toronto on the Toronto Collegiate Institute
Board, and was chairman of the first committee
appointed for the amalgamation of the public
school board and the collegiate institute board,,
a movement which has since resulted in the formation
of the Toronto board of education. He
has also been an examiner in Toronto University
in Dental Pathology and Histology, and is
president of the Wellesley Old Boys' Association.
Dr. Adams early took up the study of dentistry
with a view to specialism in oral surgery,
there being no such specialist in Canada at that
time, and only one in America. He attended
the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario
and graduated as Doctor of Dental Surgery
in the Pennsylvania College of Dentistry in
Philadelphia. He then returned to Canada and
attended the Toronto University Medical College
and received the degree of M.D., CM. in
Victoria University, and was admitted to membership
in the College of Physicians and Surgeons
of Ontario in the spring of 1890. He
was early appointed one of the registrars of
Toronto General Hospital and corresponding
secretary of Toronto Medical Society, and was
a member of the committee of public health of
the Ontario Medical Association and on the external
staff of the Toronto General Hospital,
and a member of several city dispensaries. He
is to-day associate editor of the «i»Canadian
Journal of Medicine and Surgery «/i»and member
of the British Medical Association; Canadian
Medical Association; Canadian Association
for the Prevention of Tuberculosis; Ontario
Medical Association; American Medical Editors'
Association; American Public Health Association,
Dr. Adams has always taken a great interest
in public health and hygiene and was the
first promoter of the Consumptive Sanitarium
movement in Canada, and, together with Flick
of Philadelphia, the first in America. There
being no medical publication or department of
medical journalism devoted to public health 'he
established a department in the «i»Canadian
Practitioner, «/i»and had associated with him Dr.
William Oldright, Professor of Hygiene in Toronto
University. Later on he assisted Dr. W.
A. Young in founding the «i»Canadian Journal
of Medicine and Surgery, «/i»and has been associated
with it in the departments of Public
Health and Hygiene and Oral Surgery ever
since. He has also written much on Public
Health and Climatology, some of his publications
being: "The Prevention of Tuberculosis
in Ontario"emdash 1893; "The Management of Consumption"emdash
1894; "Toronto and Adjacent
Summer Resorts"emdash 1894; "The Summer and
Health Resort Areas of Ontario"emdash 1898: "The
Great Lakes as a Health Resort"emdash 1899; "Alveolar
Abscess"; "Diseases of the Oral Mucous
Membrane"; "Legislation Needed for the Preservation
of the Teeth of the School Children
of Canada"emdash 1903; etc.
Dr. Adams has always taken an interest in
the larger affairs of the British Empire and of
Canada and has been elected a visiting member
of the Jamaica Club of Kingstonemdash 1904 (whose
clubhouse has since been destroyed by earthquake),
and in 1906 was elected a visting member
of the Shanghai Club of China, and in the
same year of the Yokohama Club of Japan, and
has made a special personal study of the political
and social conditions of the outlying British
Islands of America and especially of Newfoundland
and Jamaica as to their future relationship
to Canada and the Empire.
A member of the United Empire Loyalists'
Association, the British Empire League and the
Empire Club, he has a strong and abiding faith
in British connection, while yielding to none in
Canadianism, being a member of the Canadian
Club and past supreme grand president of
the Sons of Canada, having succeeded E. E.
Sheppard, editor and founder of «i»Saturday
Night. «/i»He is a member of many fraternal
and charitable organizations and political and
other clubs and societies, and has held many official
Dr. Adams' interest in the development of the
health and summer resorts ana sanitaria of Ontario
is of a confident, permanent and enthusiastic
type, has added largely to the wealth and
health of Canadians, and is destined to play an
important part in future developments in this
direction. When no one believed that Toronto
could be made a summer resort for American
tourists and summer visitors he advocated the
idea ardently, published a book on "Toronto
and Adjacent Summer Resorts," and much
other literature on the subject, and at the same
time, with one or two others, promoted the palace
hotel scheme for Toronto, with the result
that for a few years Jarvis street boardinghouses
and the hotels of the city were overflowing
with American visitors for the summer
months, and public opinion, the press and the
city council were educated on the question of
the need of a million dollar hotel for Toronto,
which paved the way for the present "King
Edward Hotel." Memphis, Tennessee, which
when he commenced his agitation sent but one
solitary family to Muskoka, sent over four hundred
people to Toronto the next year, and the
following year two thousand people bought tickets
from Memphis alone for Toronto in the summer
months. But it was more particularly as
a distributing center for the great playground
of America to the North that he wished to advertise
and attract attention to Toronto. In
answer to a letter of enquiry the year he became
general manager of the Grand Trunk Railroad
Charles M. Hays wrote Dr. Adams to the effect
that there were only one thousand United States
purchasers of tickets for Muskoka Lakes. Today
Muskoka is flooded with Southern visitors,
and is the best paying part of the Grand Trunk
Railroad, and two other railroad companies, the
Canadian Northern and the Canadian Pacific,
have opened lines to tap this lucrative traffic.
Dr. Adams is one of those who think that good
deeds like money should be kept in circulation,
and he is quite content for others to have the
emoluments and honors of office so long as the
aims he has at heart are accomplished. His
name has been frequently advocated for municipal
and political honors, but while an earnest
student of municipal and public affairs he has
always refrained from becoming a candidate,
though associated actively in the election of
others. In 1896 he was largely active in the
election of "William Lount (afterward Judge
Lount) as a member of Parliament for Centre
Toronto, which was the chief Liberal victory in
Toronto for many years.
A firm believer in the deepening of our waterways,
Dr. Adams gave a generous support to
E. A. MacDonald, of Georgian Bay Canal fame,
the year he was elected mayor, not only seconding
his nomination but being one of a very few
people of standing in the community who publicly
and actively espoused his cause. As a
member of the Guild of Civic Art, the Horticultural
Society, he is interested in every movement
for the beautifying: of Toronto and in
making Toronto a social and intellectual center
and a model city.
Making a serious study of a pastime is one
of his characteristics, and he was largely instrumental
in the organization of the Muskoka Lakes
Association, of which he was the first secretary
and treasurer, and afterwards the commodore.
This association, whose Annual At Home and
Regatta became the greatest social and amateur
aquatic event in this great playground of
America, did much under Ms direction also to
improve the transportation facilities, protect the
interests of cottagers and campers and tourists,
and bring into closer contact the wealthy and
influential summer visitors from the United
States with the loyal citizens of Toronto and
Canada, and is destined to do much eventually,
let us hope, to mould public opinion in ways of
peace and pleasantness between those two great